It’s the latest trend in titanium and aluminium, the two most widely used materials on the planet.
But while the aluminium and titanium industries are booming, it’s not all roses for the metal.
The world’s most powerful electronics companies are moving towards a new era of carbon fibre, which is more durable, stronger and cheaper to produce than titanium.
And as the world’s biggest producer of aluminium, China’s steel industry is set to ramp up production of aluminium.
And the technology powering the aluminium boom is a huge part of the problem: the titanium screws industry.
What are titanium screws?
Titanium screws are essentially the equivalent of screws in that they use a chemical compound, titanium dioxide, to make a stronger bond.
But unlike other metals, titanium is not a carbon monoxide-free material, meaning that it’s often used in products like carbon fibre and even titanium-alloyed aircraft wings.
The chemical compound is commonly used in other industrial applications too, such as the manufacture of aluminium powder.
The industry, which has grown steadily over the past 50 years, has gone through several waves.
The first wave was in the early 1990s, with the introduction of cheap aluminium powder and titanium alloying.
Then, around 2000, the boom in titanium production kicked in, thanks to an international agreement between China and the US.
Today, titanium manufacturing accounts for about 2 per cent of the world production, which could soon increase to about 4 per cent.
But the industry has seen some big changes in recent years.
In 2013, China banned all foreign titanium production, leaving the industry without a major supplier, making it difficult to grow.
“China was a big market for us,” says Peter Mihaljevic, president of titanium company Mihals.
“But we were not able to get a deal because of the trade restrictions.”
In 2014, a US-based titanium company was allowed to open a factory in South Korea, opening a new source of titanium and cement.
And in 2015, a Taiwanese company started manufacturing titanium screws.
Mihalkovic’s company, Titanium Technologies, was one of the first to offer its products in China.
But it was not the only one.
The market is still dominated by US companies, which are buying up large amounts of the market and creating a monopoly over the industry.
That led to some of the biggest changes in the titanium industry.
For one thing, many companies have started using cheaper aluminium.
As a result, there’s a lot less titanium and titanium dioxide on the market, which makes it easier for companies to produce.
“If you can’t make it on aluminium, you can make it from titanium,” says Mihalian.
Titanium-alloys are now making up about a quarter of the titanium market.
The Chinese government has also cracked down on the import of titanium, which was seen as an investment that could boost the economy.
It’s a move that has paid off, as China now accounts for more than half of the global titanium market, and Mihalistic’s company now has a plant in China, which it hopes will bring its production capacity up to 100,000 tonnes a year.
But Mihalyljevics is concerned that the US has also been buying up the market.
“In America, titanium was a good investment, but it’s really gone down in value,” he says.
“It’s a bad idea for titanium.”
Mihalidjevica says he doesn’t blame the US for that, because the titanium that is being used in US aircraft wings and aircraft engines is cheap.
But he says he’s worried that the new wave of titanium in the market will lead to more pollution.
“They’re not going to be buying that aluminium,” he adds.
“The US will be the one buying aluminium and then putting it into the market to produce titanium.”
So why is it happening now?
The new wave in titanium is partly because the world has a glut of the material.
Titanium is a metal that is used in everything from batteries to aircraft wings, but is also used in electrical cables and in the manufacture and processing of aluminium and steel.
And that glut has led to an increase in demand.
But in some areas, demand has outstripped supply, including in Asia.
That’s because there are not enough people in the countries where titanium is used to make titanium alloy to meet demand.
This problem is particularly acute in China because it produces much more titanium than the US does, and because the supply chain in China has been disrupted by the collapse of the steel industry.
In the United States, the metal is used mainly in cars and in electronics.
The US government says that it will not subsidise the production of titanium alloy.
But that may not be enough for many companies, as the price of titanium is increasing dramatically.
“I think it’s going to drive the price down to the point where people can’t afford to buy titanium anymore,” says Paul Jaffe, an analyst at research firm Wood Mackenzie.
“You can get