An atomic force microscope (AFM) instrument that can read the atomic structure of titanium is being tested on animals in an experiment aimed at determining the best chemical formula for producing the titanium used in modern electronic devices.
Researchers at Johns Hopkins University are using a new atomic force microscopy instrument to measure the chemical composition of titanium oxide, the catalyst used to make a titanium-based electronic component, called a microcontroller, which was used in smartphones and other devices for years.
It has been used in the past in clinical research and has been linked to better brain function in patients.
The team also is testing an optical element that can be used to remove traces of titanium from titanium oxide.
Titanium oxide is an oxide made of carbon and oxygen.
Its structure is extremely difficult to study, so scientists are using the AFM to test what happens when the material is exposed to light.
The researchers hope to learn more about how titanium reacts in the presence of light and the chemical structure of the oxide.
The researchers have used the AFMP to examine titanium oxide in the lab for two weeks, and they have already observed a significant increase in the concentration of titanium.
The increase was not as large as some studies have found, but the researchers said it was “a major step forward” in understanding titanium’s chemistry.
The AFM is not cheap, but it is a valuable tool that could be used in developing and testing new chemicals for electronic devices, the researchers say.
The instrument costs about $20,000, but researchers say the instrument is expected to cost up to $100,000 in the next decade.
The new instrument, called Titanium X-ray Spectroscopy, uses atomic force spectroscopy (AFMS) to measure how titanium in a sample reacts under certain conditions.
Titanium X was created by the U.S. military in the 1950s and is used for military and civilian applications, including in the development of electronic components.
It is also used to measure chemical structure in a variety of materials, including ceramics and glass.
Titanium X-rays are not very sensitive, so the researchers have been trying to improve the instrument.
They have also tried to improve their detector’s sensitivity, which is a measure of how far away an electron can travel.
They have also been using an optical detector that can measure light from light sources and measure the difference between light and infrared light, a technique that allows them to measure titanium at different temperatures and pressures.
The optical detector is about the size of a shoebox.
They hope to use the new instrument to test different chemicals in a more controlled environment.
“We want to understand what happens in the nanoscale, which has the potential to make it possible to create devices that can do much more than just transmit and receive information,” said lead author William S. Gibson, a professor of chemical engineering at Johns the College of Arts and Sciences.
The instrument is currently being used on rats, which Gibson said are “extremely well adapted to this kind of work.”